White Papers

/White Papers

Space as a Catalyst for International Political Cooperation

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At a recent symposium held at the International Space University (ISU) in Strasbourg, France, the topic of the International Space Station (ISS) was discussed in a broad context. One of the presenters, highlighting the international character of this project, made the statement that if the ISS had been operational by the beginning of the twentieth [...]

The Space Data Association: A New Model for International Cooperation in Space

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The formation of the Space Data Association (SDA) represents an interesting model for international cooperation in space activities. The SDA is a not for profit organization incorporated in the Isle of Man, part of the British Isles, and was formed by the world’s three largest satellite operators, SES, Intelsat, and Inmarsat. What makes the SDA [...]

The Science and Technology of Space Exploration

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Cyberspace, the electronic environment that consists of myriad connections between people and information, is also the transition space to outer space, the place where we may learn to productively to live, to work, and to cooperate in preparation for our actual journeys off the Earth. While future space flight missions that go beyond today’s International [...]

PUBLIC SPACE LAW, the LEGAL PRACTITIONER, and the PRIVATE ENTREPRENEUR

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For much of the lay public, and perhaps even for many in the legal profession, when the question of “space law” arises, thoughts turn to “special treaties” and “international conventions,” and to noble acts of diplomacy involving concepts like “adventurous and peaceful” activities in space, magnanimously conducted for the “benefit of all mankind.” The documents [...]

Perspectives on Improving United States International Space Cooperation

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There is a powerful case to be made for the United States to conduct international space cooperation activities. In this chapter, we will discuss how cooperation allows a nation to leverage resources and reduce risk; improve efficiency; expand international engagement; and enhance diplomatic prestige of engaged states, political sustainability and workforce stability. Unfortunately, although the [...]

An Open Source, Standardized Research Platform for the International Space Station

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In the not too distant past, anyone who wanted to manipulate or analyze data for a scientific or engineering project would need to know low level programming languages, especially if there was a real sensor or hardware in the loop. Consequently, 8086 machine language was commonly taught in physics and engineering programs. But with the [...]

Moon 2.0 : Private Planetary Exploration and the New Lunar Economy

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During the past two centuries, with the majority of the surface of our planet already explored, civilizations around the globe have striven to expand the sphere of human economic influence upward. This trend began with the first skyscrapers of the 1880s and has continued through the birth of commercial aviation and commercial satellites, each of [...]

Modeling the Nation State in Space Commerce and the Principles of Sovereign Survival

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The argument in this paper states that celestial expansion will follow the same principles as those which describe the survival and success of nations. We explore three key principles to which all nations must adhere if there are to endure. The argument does not overlook the role of umbrella organizations such as the United Nations, but [...]

Manufacturing for Space from a Small Company’s Point of View

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Rockets first saw use in military applications in ancient China in the 13th century, and they saw intermittent development thereafter in China and then with greater focus in Europe. It was, however, only in the late 19th and early 20th century that the ‘Father of Russian cosmonautics,’ the Russian Constantin Tsiolkovsky, developed the theoretical basis [...]