White Papers

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Justifying a Lunar Settlement


  Funding and operating a successful economic private settlement on the Moon will require an overarching community development strategy, followed by scientific / technological work, pioneering drive, and a resilient commercialization plan. Historically, this set of activities has not been carried out sequentially, but all the elements are necessary to achieve a profitable private settlement [...]

MOBIUS: An Evolutionary Strategy for Lunar Tourism


The MOBIUS concept architecture presents an evolutionary methodology for lunar tourist missions. In the MOBIUS scenario, a quartet of spacecraft is suggested in a specific supersynchronous Earth orbit as a nominal trajectory for a cislunar, cycling vehicle system. Earth and lunar shuttlecraft service the cycler at Earth perigee and lunar proximal apogee of the selected [...]

Can A Space “Megafund” Move Humanity Closer To Becoming A Multiplanetary Species?

We present a case for funding space development projects -- commercially viable, and riskier projects -- with a financially engineered, risk managed “megafund”. This work is partially inspired by the work of others who have explored the potential benefits of a megafund in achieving the development goals of capital intensive, very high risk, very high [...]

International Cooperation in Space, from USSR to Russia


This chapter presents a historical overview of international cooperation in space during the period of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and to the present days of the Russian Federation. The post-Soviet era and current international cooperation in space are described through interviews with people who were or still are involved in the joint [...]

Using the International Space Station as a Test Bed for the Commercial Space Marketplace


The international space exploration industry faces two related and bewitching obstacles to its long-term programmatic health. The first is a U.S. administration that views exploration through the lens of the overall economic and political problems afflicting the American economy. In other words, no blank check is forthcoming for NASA, given the nation's deep fiscal woes. [...]

To Plan for a Century: ISU’s Vision of Education in Space


From the very beginning of its Founding Conference in 1987, the International Space University (ISU) has lived with the vision that one day it would be able to educate students in space. The founding vision saw three steps in the development of the University: first, a postgraduate summer program (which continues today as the Space [...]